Exactly how Animal Agriculture Impacts The Environment?

We might believe it matters not way too much just what we eat or how our food is produced. Nevertheless, it ends up that the whole planet is now based on the food choices each people makes on a daily basis. It is real to say that many people conscientiously try to reduce their effect on the environment by walking, bike-riding or car-pooling instead of driving, by increasing their very own veggies in your home, as well as by minimizing power consumption. Yet, there is one act that could limit the impact on the environment immensely, which is to just pick what we eat a little bit more carefully.

Extinction of types and danger to water products

Meat as well as dairy manufacturing makes use of a third of world earth’s fresh consuming water. Pet agriculture makes use of 55 % of our fresh water reserves. In order to produce a one pound beef burger, around 3000 litres of fresh water is called for, which includes irrigation of the grains and also lawns in feed plus water for alcohol as well as processing. Consider that a typical bath takes around 80 litres of water whereas the ordinary electrical shower sprays out around 6 litres a minute.

Methane gas from cattle overshadows the damages to the environment from carbon emissions as a result of international production and also transport. Actually, 51 % of all greenhouse gas exhausts originate from pet farming, baseding on the Food and also Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Furthermore, cultivatable land is consumed and forests are hacked to make more space for cattle ranches. Data show that between 4000 to 8000 square meters of virgin rainforest is removed every minute and 91 % of this logging is to make even more area available for pet agriculture. On a daily basis, animal varieties are lost because of rainforest devastation. Animal farming is amongst the leading causes of ocean dead zones, water pollution as well as wild environment devastation.

A person who consumes a vegan diet plan makes 50 % much less CARBON DIOXIDE as well as makes use of an 11th of the nonrenewable fuel sources, a 13th of the water and an 18th of the land as compared to a meat-eater, according to a research study led by ecologist Peter Scarborough and also his team of scientists. Going vegan or taking steps to reduce and/or eventually get rid of animal healthy protein from our diet plans is the most efficient method to decrease our CO2 discharges as well as conserve our water as well as forests.

Is Bio Fertilizer Helpful to Increase Agricultural Production?

Indian agriculture has been facing tough challenges in increasing the amounts in order to increase outputs. The yield which is being produced now is expected to be double of it for population pressure is increasing and to increase the economy level with greater agricultural production. This has led the farmers to use chemical fertilizers that resulted to pollution of water bodies besides destroying soil fertility.

Researchers and environmentalist have come up with innovative and natural ideas like utility of organic inputs in Indian agriculture as against usage of chemicals. It is through organic farming that plantation and cropping can be raised with use of-

Manures
Bio fertilizers
Bio pesticide

Usage of such helps in providing optimum nutrients to crop plants and allows pests and pathogens to not multiply abnormally. The utility of fertilizers is necessary for cropping and plantation because with each batch of plantation, nutrient levels of soil depletes. It therefore needs to get supplemented with fertilizers that help in greater yields. Addition of fertilizers help crop yield not just double but tripled. It is the fertilizers which ensure most effective use of both land and water and not leaving them to get degraded.

What is Bio Fertilizers and how is it important?

When one is aiming at enriching the nutrient of soil by increasing the availability of crop nutrients, role of bio-fertilizers precipitates. Basically these kind of natural fertilizers are micro-organisms such as bacteria, Mycorrhizal fungi, cyan bacteria and others. Some of these organisms have the ability of nitrogen fixation that converts molecular or dinitrogen into nitrogen compounds. Plants need phosphorous and due to this the insoluble soil phosphorus is converted into the soluble form with the support of micro-organisms.

Utility of Bio fertilizer is required as they help in increasing the yields of plants by 15-35%, they are effective even under semi-arid conditions, helps farmers easily prepare inoculums, helps in improving the soil texture, does not allow pathogens to flourish, helps in producing vitamins and growth promotion of bio chemicals, they are non-polluting, helps in recycling plant nutrients and they can be purchased at low cost. Recycling this form of energy sources further gives the scope to maintain the physical properties of the soil.

How usage of Synthetic fertilizers deteriorated soil fertility?

With demand for greater output increasing manifold in agriculture, it had instigated farmers to adopt means of synthetic fertilizers in agriculture. Our farmers hardly knew the importance of utility of organic fertilizer over artificial fertilizers at that point of time. They practiced application of harmful synthetic fertilizers on crops resulted to death of soil. Now in order to replenish the lost fertility, various stringent are adopted which can show positive results on the soil after many years of application.

Along with the soil, the microbial fauna in the fields were heavily destroyed with application of synthetic fertilizers. This has led to holistic damage of environment which needs to be fulfilled adopting methods that included natural and no damaging effect. Indian agriculture requires to grow but not at the cost of environment but implementation of proper nutrient management.

Pathogenicity Test of Fusariumspp on Gaharu Seedlings (Aquillariamalaccensis)

Pathogenicity Test of Fusariumspp on Gaharu Seedlings (Aquillariamalaccensis) | Agriculture Research journals by Nurbaya

Agriculture is the one of the most important things in human lives so as Pathogenicity test of Fusariumspp on seeds is very usefull to agriculture.  Read on to know the importance of the agriculture and Pathogenicity Test on seeds.

Aquillaria malaccensis is a large evergreen growing tree and  it is one of 15 tree species is the indomalesian genus aquillaria. This trees are found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand.

The most common form of Aquillaria malaccensis in trade is wood chips, followed by powder and timber. Aquillaria malaccensis first came to the attention of the Plants Committee in the late 1990s. Aquillaria species have to adapted to live various habitats, including those that are rocky, sandy or calcareous.

Pathogenicity is the potential capacity of certain species of microbes or viruses to cause a disease. Pathogenicity is characterized by complex pathogenic properties which evolve during their struggle for existence. Pathogenicity tests of Fusariumspp on gaharu seedlings A malaccensis. Is a species of plant that can produce agar wood as non-timber forest products. Developing seedlings is generally not intended to produce timber, but rather to produce agarwood resin formed due to the response of plants on microbial infections, especially fungi.

Gaharu seeds and plants are non timber forest products (NTFPs) that have high economic value, even we have many benefits of this plants such as the manufacture of perfume, air freshener, incense, cosmetics and traditional medicine (medicine kindly pain, toothache, rheumatism, pain reduction, power adders and bidders can).

Various researchers examined the factors and motivating by Nurbaya, Tutik Kuswinanti, Baharuddin, Ade Rosmana Dan Syamsuddin Millang have also published the Pathogenicity Test of Fusariumspp on Gaharu Seedlings (Aquillariamalaccensis) At ArjOnline which is one of the top most journals publishers.

You can check this research study prepared byNurbaya, Tutik Kuswinanti, Baharuddin, Ade Rosmana Dan Syamsuddin Millang in detail to plan better for successfulPathogenicity Test of Fusariumspp on Gaharu Seedlings (Aquillariamalaccensis) at ARJOnline.com. You can even publish your research paper at ARJ Online.

Pathogenicity test of Fusariumspp on gaharu seedlings A malaccensis. is a species of plant that can produce agar wood as non-timber forest products. Developing seedlings is generally not intended to produce timber, but rather to produce agarwood resin formed due to the response of plants on microbial infections, especially fungi. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of virulence of the fungus Fusarium spp.A.malaccensis seeds.

Types of Agriculture Pumps

Being a farmer, it is always hard for him to find out what works well in his fields. Maintaining the fertility of the soil and keeping it all look green is sometimes one of the hardest battles that a farmer usually face. Unfortunately, if he is not making use of the necessary measures, all his work goes in vain. This is because, other than just maintaining the fertility of the soil there are many other things that are necessary for a farmer to be deemed about. For example, where to get the consistent water flow?…There are basically three factors which are responsible for a high yield in the fields;

Advanced agricultural facilities
Fertilizers
Water pumps for irrigation

Due to growing modern technology, many effective equipments have been designed which has put an impact on the growth of crops in the recent years. Let us find out the different types of water pumps which are being used for agriculture purposes nowadays.

Solar pumps

Solar Pumps, as the name signifies work on the sun power and they possess a photovoltaic cell which takes the sun energy to charge up and the pump starts to work pretty similar to the other ones which are electrically driven. Thus, these pumps are always installed having their photovoltaic cells facing the sun. Due to their high efficiency engines, these pumps are capable to pump gallons of water in a minute.

Submersible Pumps

The best thing about these kinds of pumps units is that these pumps work while having submerged inside the well so the noise factor is reduced in this case. A large number of farmers are opting for the usage of these pumps because they offer high efficiencies, low maintenance, and high capacity engines.

Monoblock Pumps

The monoblock series, as the name suggests is comprised of a compact shape and size units and these pumps are being utilized for varied agricultural applications. They are easy to install and operate and are free of any requirements related to couplings and base plates, which is also a factor that these pump units are quite less costly than the other pump systems. Undoubtedly, monoblock pumps offer a convenient solution to drive water rapidly in the big farms.

Booster Pumps

Booster pumps are most demanded among their supporters and these pumps have a big role to play in driving water faster than the normal in your household water lines. These pumps are comprised of an expansion tank and a bladder and they work via generating pressure in the tank.

Water pumps are no wonder a great facility available for an ordinary farmer. It all depends on which water pump you choose among a variety of options that are available to help support your crops grow beyond your expectations. Above article must have provided you the sufficient information about water pumps and so now you can think of buying one depending upon your requirements.

Wish you a good luck!

How To Grow Lemongrass Commercially

Lemongrass is one of the wonder plants. It has many benefits and can be easily be grown at home for personal consumption commercially in large farm. It is widely used in the Asian cuisine to provide the specific taste and smell, peculiar to lemongrass.  The oil extracted from its leaves is used in the manufacture of soaps and candles. For thousands of years, it had been used to cure various ailments ranging from stomach cramps and arthritic pain.

Planting it on commercial scale is rather easy as the plant can grow effectively in almost any soil condition. It requires tropical weather with a lot of sunshine. Due the ease of growing, it had created high competition causing the drop in price.

The followings are the suggested steps to grow it on commercial basis:

1. Planning stage:

a. Secure the market. As the cycle is about 6 months, securing buyers is the critical element of the project.

b. Equip yourself with the necessary skills and knowledge. It will be a good idea to attend courses and seek advice from the agricultural authority.

c. Familiarize with the list of suppliers of seedlings and equipments. They can be a source for information and advice.

d. Plan the detail of the project. The project can be divided into 4 steps.

– Site preparation

– Planting and first month.

– Growing Stage

– Harvesting and Marketing.

2. Site preparation. Evaluate the site with an expert to check for suitability of the soil. Although lemongrass can be grown in a wide range of soil conditions, it would require specific treatment and fertilizing techniques for different soil type. This treatment can add up to the cost.

Synchronize the site preparation with the purchase of the seedlings. Planting is preferred to be done in the raining season, to reduce the need of watering. Clear the land and plough is twice, the final is using the rotor.

3. Planting and first month. Planting can be done two weeks after the soil preparation stage. Three seedlings will be planted into each hole, aligned in grids of 4 feet by 3 feet.  Insert the seedlings about 2 inches into the soil and firm up the soil. Water it immediately. The plants will need daily watering for 7 days. Then weekly round to replace the dead seedlings for the first month. After the first month, the replacement of the dead seedlings should stop.

4. Growing Stage: Lemongrass does not require close attention while growing. Fertilize is monthly for first three month. Clear the weeds manually. It does not have natural enemies and insets do not attack the plant.

5. Harvesting and marketing: Harvesting is the most difficult and time consuming task as has to be done manually. Depending on the contract with the buyer, the lemongrass can be harvesting in 3 ways depending its usage. For oil extract, cut the leave about one foot from the ground. You can repeat this cycle monthly for 4 times (4 months). For seedlings, when harvesting, leave a small amount of roots and cutoff the leaves leaving about a foot length of the stalk. If it is to be marketed for consumption, the harvesting is similar to that for the seedlings except the roots have to be cut-off.

With proper planning and controlled implementation, growing lemongrass can be a profitable proposition. The demand for the product has increased as the Asian foods are widely accepted by the West.